Практична граматика англійської мови для першокурсників. Частина II: Навчально-методичний посібник з граматики, страница 53

11.  They awarded him the first prize.

12.  They wrote her a thank-you letter.

13.  You owe me an apology.

14.  They sold us the car very cheap.

15.  Will they read this story to the boy?

**TASK 82  Fill in blanks using the correct active or passive form of the verbs given in brackets.

Part A.

Mr. Townsend ___________ (to use) the same medication for ten years. Every day he  ___________ (to take) two pills. Usually when he  ___________ (to need) a refill, he ___________ (to call) his doctor, and his doctor  ___________(to call) the pharmacy.

Last week Mr. Townsend ___________ (to go) to the drugstore to get a refill on his medication. He ___________ (to give) the prescription number to the pharmacist. He  ___________(to tell) by the pharmacist to come back in half an hour. While Mr. Townsend  ___________ (to shop) in the store, his name ___________ (to call) over the loudspeaker. Mr. Townsend  ___________ (to go) to the pharmacy, and  ___________ (to tell) that the prescription couldn't  ___________ (to refill) because it was more than six months old. Mr. Townsend ___________(to tell) the pharmacist that he  ___________(to use) this medication for a long time. She said that this medication ___________ (to control) carefully and that the refill had to ___________(to approve) by the doctor. She also  ___________ (to offer) to call the doctor for him.

The doctor  ___________(to give) her permission to refill the prescription. Finally, Mr. Townsend ___________(to give) his medication and ___________(to tell) to use the medication carefully. This medication shouldn't ___________(to use) when drinking alcohol and should ___________(to take) after meals.                                 

Part B.

Tea  ___________ (to make) from the leaves of the tea plant. At first, it ___________ (to use) as a medicine, but it ___________ (to become) an everyday drink in the 3rd century AD. First, the leaves ___________(to pick) from the plant and they ___________(to spread) onto a cloth. They ___________ (to leave) there for up to twenty hours. Next, the leaves are rolled up until they ___________ (to break) into small pieces. Finally, the leaves ___________(to dry).  The tea ___________ (pack) into containers and sent to different countries. It ___________ (to sell) to customers as loose leaves, as tea bags and as instant tea. To make tea, we ___________ (to boil) water and ___________ (to pour) it over the dry tea in the teapot. This ___________ (to leave) for three to five minutes. We can then add milk, lemon or sugar. In Britain, it was the custom to serve tea in the afternoons with sandwiches and cakes. This custom ___________ (to start) by the Duchess of Bedford around 1840. Today, tea ___________ (to drink) all over the world.

Part C.

Coffee is said to originate from Kaffa in Ethiopia and most species of coffee plant ___________ (to find) in the tropics of the Eastern Hemisphere. The species which ___________ (to think) to be the earliest coffee plant ever ___________ (to cultivate) by man is Coffea arabica. Today it ___________ (to grow) mostly in Latin America.  The coffee shrub ___________ (to reach) a height of 8-10 metres and ___________ (to have) white scented flowers. It ___________ (to produce) a red fruit which ___________ (to call) a cherry. The cherry ___________ (to contain) two seeds which ___________ (to join) together. These seeds, which also ___________ (to know) as beans, first ___________ (to roast) and then they ___________ (to grind) to make coffee. The grounds then ___________ (to process) in a variety of different ways. Sometimes they ___________ (to filter) and sometimes they ___________ (soak) in water to make the drink, which is popular with so many people. Coffee is available as grounds or as instant coffee powder and  ___________ (to drink) by one third of the world's population.

***TASK83. TranslateintoEnglish.