Практична граматика англійської мови для першокурсників. Частина II: Навчально-методичний посібник з граматики, страница 15

                        e.g.  The chairman proposed closing the debates.

                               Kate suggested going to the skating rink in the afternoon. 

Remember!!!   The verbs ‘to suggest’ and ‘to propose’ are followed by gerund, not by infinitive!

                        e.g.  Paul suggested putting the meeting off till Monday. RIGHT

                                Paul suggested to put the meeting off till Monday.   WRONG!!!

·  The verb ‘to request’ is a formal verb and is followed by an infinitive

e.g.  The patrons are requested not to smoke in the restaurant.

                                He requested the delegates of the conference to assemble in the lobby.

·  The verb ‘to demand’ can be followed either by an infinitive or by a ‘that clause’,

e.g.  ‘I want to see the manager,’ he demanded. – He demanded to see the manager. =  He demanded that he should see the manager.

Mind the changes that happen to adverbial modifiers of time and place when the direct speech is turned into indirect.

Direct Speech

Reported Speech



this, these

that, those


then, right away, at that moment, that day, immediately (or no adverb at all)

today, tonight

that day, that night


the day before, the previous day

the day before yesterday

two days before

two days ago

two days before

a year ago

a year before, the previous year

last night

the previous night

last week

the week before


the next day, the following day

the day after tomorrow

in two days’ time

in a few minutes

a few minutes later

next week

the next week, the week after, the following week

*TASK 20.  Mr. Terry is complaining about things his children have done. Write what he said in reply to the following.  Follow the example.  Use different introductory verbs.

Example: Tommy: Dad, I've knocked some paint off the car. I was riding my bike near it. 

Mr. Terry; I told you not to ride your bike near the car, Tommy, didn’t I?

  1. Mary:    Dad, the washing line's come down. I was pulling it.
  2. Lenny:   Dad, I've broken the kitchen window. I was playing football under it.
  3. Tracy:   Dad, Michael's walked on your garden. He was chasing the dog round it.
  4. Tommy: Dad, I've cut my finger on your knife. I was cutting wood with it.
  5. Lenny:   Dad, the cat's drowning in the fishpond! We were teaching it to swim in it.
  6. Mary:    Dad, I've burnt my finger on the electric fire. I was making toast on it.
  7. Tracy:   Dad, Mary's torn her skirt on the tree. She was climbing up it.
  8. Tommy: Dad, my watch has stopped. I was washing it.
  9.  Lenny:   Dad, the front door won't open. I locked it with the garage key.

*TASK 21.  Change direct commands, instructions, requests, warnings and suggestions into indirect ones using different introductory verbs.

  1. ‘Please visit me in hospital,’ Joan said to Colin.
  2. 'Let's eat out this evening,' Paul said to her.
  3. ‘Please, please be careful,' she said to him.
  4. 'Don't go near the fire.' Dad said to us.
  5. 'Be quiet!' the commander said to the troops.
  6. ‘Let's try the exercise again,' said the teacher
  7. The doctor said to the patient, 'Come back to see me again next week.'
  8. She said to him, 'Please, please don't leave me!'
  9. The teacher said to the students, 'Come and see me after the lesson.’
  10.  He said, 'Shall we go for a walk?'
  11.  Jenny said to Dave. 'Please help me with cleaning.'
  12.  She said to him, 'Open the window, please.'
  13.  Mother said, 'How about going for a drive?'
  14.  The policeman said to the thieves, ‘Put your hands up!’
  15.  The librarian said to the boys, ‘Don’t make so much noise.’