Практична граматика англійської мови для першокурсників. Частина II: Навчально-методичний посібник з граматики, страница 49

                           The children should not be let watch TV late at night.

                           The tourist instructor had to send Frank home immediately.

                            Frank had to be sent home immediately

6.  Phrasal verbs preserve their second element both in Active and Passive sentences,

                         e.g. Everyone laughed at John when he came into the classroom. =

                                John was laughed at (by everyone) when he came into the classroom.

Here is a list of phrasal verbs that are often used in Passive sentences

·  to argue about

·  to arrive at

·  to carry out

·  to deal with

·  to look at    

·  to look for  

·  to look after                       

·  to look into

·  to listen to              

·  to refer to

·  to send for  

·  to rely on    

·  to laugh at              

·  to pay for                

·  to hear of

·  to wait for              

·  to see off                            

·  to see to

·  to insist on  

·  to talk about

·  to talk over

·  to read to                

·  to put up with                     

·  to turn up/down      

·  to speak to/about   

·  to pay attention to

·  to make fun of                    

·  to think of/about/over       

·  to make use of       

·  to take advantage of

·  to catch sight of                 

·  to lose sight of        

·  to take care of       

·  to find fault with

·  to break into

·  to throw away

7.  It is very important not to confuse two prepositions that are often used with Passive voice

by # with

By + agent (i.e. the doer of the action)       With + instrument (material or ingredient)

These tasty cakes were made by Agnes.           They were made with eggs, milk, flour and some fruit   

*TASK  74.  Read an article taken from an American magazine. Underline all the cases of Passive Voice and define what tense form is used.

In the United States the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is a federal agency that decides if foods and drugs are safe. When a new food or drug is developed, the FDA conducts tests. If the new product is found to be safe, the manufacturer is allowed to sell it. Changes are constantly being made by the FDA as it learns more about a food or drug. Saccharin is a sugar substitute that is used by dieters and others who can't eat sugar. However, after saccharin was sold for many years, the FDA found that it might not be safe. Experiments were conducted on rats. Rats that were fed large amounts of saccharin developed cancer. A danger to humans has not been proved and saccharin continues to be sold, but manufacturers have been required to put a warning label on products that contain saccharin. Sometimes after a food or drug has been on the market for years, it is recalled by the FDA because new evidence shows that it may be harmful. Not long ago, a birth-control device was taken off the market because some women had serious side effects* from it. In some cases, this device even caused death.

The FDA also decides if a medicine can be sold without a prescription. For many drugs, a prescription is required because the FDA believes that the user needs to be supervised by his or her doctor. Some drugs must be controlled by the pharmacy because they might be abused**.

Drugs that are sold without a prescription are called "over-the-counter" drugs. Aspirin, which is used to treat pain, is one of the most common over-the-counter drugs. Sometimes the FDA decides that a prescription drug is safe enough to be sold over the counter. Over the past 15 years, about 45 drugs that were originally prescription drugs have been approved for over-the-counter sale.

New drugs are being developed and tested all the time. Drugs have to be tested for years before they can be sold to the public.