Group 2: Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
to read a book, to rise, to grow up,
to open the door to stand
a) a direct object,
e.g. Peter is planting a tree.
I enjoy reading books.
b) a direct + indirect object,
e.g. Mary sent her sister ( indirect object) a letter (direct object).
c) a prepositional object,
e.g. Mrs. Green looks after her neighbours’ children.
e.g. The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
Time flies fast.
e.g. Little Mary is writing a letter to her friend. (transitive)
Look, Mary is writing very neatly. (intransitive)
Careful! Don’t break this china cup. (transitive)
This sort of china breaks very easily. (intransitive)
Listen, the boys are laughing loudly. (intransitive)
I wonder, what they are laughing at. (transitive)
**TASK 2. Decide if the underlined verbs in the joke below are transitive or intransitive.
Raleigh and his Servant
Sir Walter Raleigh brought home from America to England two important plants—the potato and the tobacco plant. He was probably the first man in England to smoke. It is said that one evening, when he was sitting in his study, smoking a pipe, his servant came in with a letter. This man had never seen anyone smoke and he thought that his master was on fire. So he dropped his letter and ran out of the study crying, "My master is on fire. The smoke is bursting out of his nose and mouth."
Then he quickly went back into the study with a pail of water and threw it all over his master, before Raleigh had time to explain what had happened.
Group 3: Terminative and Durative Verbs
to open, to come, to read, to walk,
to die to watch
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