Практична граматика англійської мови для першокурсників. Частина II: Навчально-методичний посібник з граматики, страница 4

  1. I think he's lying.
  2. I'm thinking about the plan.
  3. He is tasting the food.
  4. The food tastes delicious.
  5. I can see some people.
  6. I see what you mean.
  7.  I'm seeing my doctor tomorrow.
  8. Mike is looking out of the window.
  9. It looks as if they've finished the job.
  10. This perfume smells nice.
  11. He is smelling the milk.
  12. She is feeling the baby's forehead.
  13. The baby's hair feels like silk.
  14.  Bob has a Porsche.
  15. He's having a shower at the moment.
  16. The butcher is weighing the meat.
  17. The chicken weighs 2 kilos.
  18. We are fitting new locks.
  19. This dress fits you perfectly.
  20. He appears to be nervous.
  21. He is appearing in a new play.
  22. He is a rude person. 
  23. He is being rude.
  24. I consider Mrs. Green to be a very talented teacher.
  25. The bank is still considering your request.
  26. Sorry, I can’t leave now, I am expecting a TV repair man.
  27. Everybody expected that John would agree with the majority.

Semantic Classification of the Verb (continued)

Group 2: Transitive and Intransitive Verbs


            Transitive                                                                                          Intransitive

            to read a book,                                                                                                to rise, to grow up,

            to open the door                                                                                  to stand

  1. Transitive verbs denote an action, which passes over to some person or thing, expressed by an object.
  2. Unlike in Russian or Ukrainian languages where they can be followed only by direct objects, in English they can be followed by all kinds of objects:

a)  a direct object,

e.g. Peter is planting a tree.

      I enjoy reading books.

b)  a direct + indirect object,

e.g. Mary sent her sister ( indirect object) a letter (direct object).

c)  a prepositional object,

e.g. Mrs. Green looks after her neighbours’ children.

  1. Intransitive verbs do not need any objects to complete their meaning,

e.g.  The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

        Time flies fast.

  1. Many English verbs can be either transitive or intransitive according to the context, in which they are used,

e.g.  Little Mary is writing a letter to her friend. (transitive) 

        Look, Mary is writing very neatly. (intransitive)  

       Careful! Don’t break this china cup. (transitive)

       This sort of china breaks very easily. (intransitive)

       Listen, the boys are laughing loudly. (intransitive)

       I wonder, what they are laughing at. (transitive)

**TASK 2.  Decide if the underlined verbs in the joke below are transitive or intransitive.

Raleigh and his Servant       

Sir Walter Raleigh brought home from America to England two important plants—the potato and the tobacco plant. He was probably the first man in England to smoke. It is said that one evening, when he was sitting in his study, smoking a pipe, his servant came in with a letter. This man had never seen anyone smoke and he thought that his master was on fire. So he dropped his letter and ran out of the study crying, "My master is on fire. The smoke is bursting out of his nose and mouth."

Then he quickly went back into the study with a pail of water and threw it all over his master, before Raleigh had time to explain what had happened.

Semantic Classification of the Verb (continued)

Group 3:  Terminative and Durative Verbs


            Terminative                                                                                       Durative

            to open, to come,                                                                                to read, to walk,

            to die                                                                                                   to watch