Semantically the verb can be classified from different points of view. All the verbs can fall into several groups:
Group 1: Stative and Dynamic Verbs
e.g. to run, to walk, to dress (also called “state” or “statal”)
e.g. to be, to see, to know
Most stative verbs describe a state rather than an action and therefore do not normally have continuous tenses.
e.g. Do you know our new neighbours’ name?
Listen! Do you hear anything strange?
Stative verbs include:
1. verbs which express likes and dislikes, wishes and emotions
to like to love to dislike to enjoy to detest to prefer
to adore to hate to want to wish to envy to hope
to fear to care
e.g. Don’t lie to me! I hate when people lie.
What do you feel when you look at your neighbour’s new house? – I envy them
2. verbs of sense perception (verbs of senses )
to see to hear to smell to taste to sense to sound
e.g. Jim must be at home.
I can see his car parked outside.
3. verbs of mental perception
to know to believe to understand to realize to remember
to forget to notice to recognize to think to seem
to see (= understand) to expect (=think) to imagine to suppose
e.g. I expect they will be late.
Jack now realizes that a job like that was very difficult for him.
Do you believe now that I was right?
4. verbs of possession
to have to belong to own to possess
e.g. Do you know who this pictures belong to?
My uncle owns a hotel.
5. some other verbs such as
to be to contain to include to fit to need to matter
to cost to mean to owe to require to weigh to keep
e.g. Martin owes me 15 dollars.
This dress fits you perfectly.
The bag costs a lot.
e.g. I can’t see anything, it’s too dark here. (a stative verb)
I’m seeing Mary in the morning. (= I’m meeting her. – a dynamic verb)
· The verb ‘to be’ used in indefinite aspect denotes a person’s character, occupation, age, etc, or a permanent state, while used in the continuous aspect means a person’s behaviour, a temporary situation, and is usually used with adjectives such as careful, silly, (im)polite, lazy, etc.)
e.g. What are you doing at the moment? – I’m being lazy, just for a change.
Stop talking back to me. You are being impolite.
· The verb “to enjoy” can be used in the continuous aspect to express specific preference.
e.g. I'm enjoying this party a lot. (specific preference)
I enjoy going to parties. (I enjoy parties in general.)
· The verbs “to look” (when we refer to a person's appearance), “to feel” (= experience a particular emotion), “to hurt” and “to ache” can be used in either the continuous or simple tenses with no difference in meaning.
e.g. You look/are looking great today.
How are you feeling today? = How do you feel today?
**TASK 1. Translate the sentences below into your native language. Say if the verbs in them are stative or dynamic.
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