Personality Traits. Foods and Energy. Effects of Alcohol on the Body (Тексты для перевода)

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Personality Traits

Knowing yourself. As you wrote your list of personality traits, you may have noticed that some of your personal qualities are more outstanding than others. Everyone has some traits which are less desirable than others. Being able to judge your own personality traits is an important asset. When you know yourself, you can begin eliminating the undesirable traits and adding others that are more desirable.

Changing traits. Once you know what you would like to improve, you can make an effort to acquire the new habits and attitudes that you find worthwhile. The first step in this process is making an effort to acquire new traits. If you find that thoughtfulness is a trait you want to develop, you can begin by making an effort to be thoughtful of others. You can try to be aware of the wishes of others at all times. As thinking of others becomes a habit, you will find you have developed the trait of thoughtfulness.

In your effort to acquire new traits, you must make an effort to be sincere. There is a difference between appearing thoughtful and being thoughtful. In the first instance the person is being dishonest with those about him. He is pretending to be something he is not. This lack of sincerity is easily sensed by one's friends. They do not respect a person who is "putting on" a trait only for his own gain. It is only by being sincere in your effort to change some of your personality traits that you can make any change in your personality.

2. Поставьте 5 вопросов ко всему содержанию текста

3 Употребите глагол-сказуемое в правильной форме

At the beginning of the 20th century medical scientists (1 to make) a surprising discovery that we (2) to build not just of flesh and blood but also of time. They (3 to be able) to demonstrate that we all (4 to have) an internal body clock, which (5 to regulate) the rise and fall of our body energies. These forces (6 to become) known as biorhythms. The lives of most living things (7 to dominate) by the 24-hour night-and-day cycle. The most obvious feature of this cycle is the way we feel tired and (8 to fall) asleep at night and (9to become) awake and alert during the day. If the 24-hour rhythm (10 to interrupt), most people (11 to experience) unpleasant side effects.

Scientists (12 to work) on this problem for years and (13 to identify) the following three biorhythmic cycles so far: physical, emotional and intellectual. Each cycle (14 to last) approximately 28 days and each (15 to divide) into a high energy period and a low energy period of equal length. Some people (16 to experienc) such enormous physical turbulence on their "physically critical" days that they have to go to bed. We (17 to learn)  now that biorhythms also include intuitive or psychic cycle and that they all (19 to  interrelate). If you (19 to monitor) your biorhythmic cycles and act accordingly you (20 to improve) the quality of your life.

4. Выберите правильный предлог

You can try to be aware of the wishes of others 1____ (in, during, -, at) all times.

 The descriptions of four major signs of mental health contain suggestions 2_____ (for, to, of, about) maintaining your mental health.

 You need to set reasonable goals 3_____ (to, for, by, in front of) yourself and then do your best to achieve them.

 Success can come only when you aim 4_____ (for, at, to, in) what you can do, no more and no less.

 The food you eat is converted into energy 5_____ (outside, within, at, for) your body 6____ (with, in, by, at) the process of oxidation.

 Your body gets its energy 7____ (from, in, out of, through) a substance called glucose.

In emergences your adrenal glands cause the liver to give 8____ (away, -, up, back) great amounts of glycogen, so that your body can have the extra energy it needs.

 The stored fat, 9______ (in, on, from, at) the one hand, is not readily converted to glucose and energy.

 The minerals needed by the body are present 10____ (at, inside, in, by) many foods and are supplied by a normal diet.

5. Соедините слово в правой колонке в его определением слева

  1. metabolism

a)something that may be dangerous

  1. irradiate

b)the height of something

      3.   hazard

c) the chemical processes by which food is turned into energy in your body

  1. purifying devices

d)a disease caused by bacteria, especially in an infected wound

      5.    altitude

e) to treat with some form of radiant energy

  1. circulatory system

f) the period between childhood and adulthood

  1. respiratory system

g) a mental hospital

      8.   adolescence

h)  the body system that includes the organs that perform the function of blood movement

  1. tetanus

i)the body system that includes the organs that perform the breathing function

    10.   asylum

j) devices removing dirty or harmful substances


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Foods and Energy

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