Warehouse Types. Material shandling. Packaging for the Customer. Warehouse Types (Тексты для контрольной работы № 4), страница 9

what system is practical for many retail stores, hospitals, and service   firms?

what benefits does leasing provide?

what system represents a good balance between the efficiency and flexibility for many

firms?                                                                                                       .....


manual handling                                              ассортимент изделий

inventory record Bill of                                    значительные накопления

Lading capital                                                  метод использования рукавов

investment a long term                                    громоздкий товар сократить

commitment storage                                        издержки количество товара

racks product mix bulk                                     стеллаж для хранения

product hose method to                                    извлекать груз долгосрочное

reduce costs quantity of                                   обязательство коносамент

goods to retrieve load                                       капиталовложения

high savings                                                    инвентаризационная запись ручная обработка

Контрольная работа №4



Types. Public warehouses come in a number of types and offer a wide range of services. The private warehouse is often built to specialized user needs. A high degree of specialization in space design and equipment limits the private warehouse to users who can justify the risk of capital investment. On the other hand, the public warehouse must of necessity serve a wide range of user requirements. This means that the public warehouse is a general-purpose facility with multipurpose equipment.

Some specialization does take place, however, but only within the broadest product categories. Creed Jenkins has classified public warehouses into five basic types.

Commodity warehouses. These are warehouses that limit their services to certain commodity groupings. They may specialize in storing and handling such commodities as lumber, cotton, tobacco, and grain.

Bulk-storage warehouses. Some warehouses offer storage and handling of products       in bulk, such as liquid chemicals, oil, highway salts, and syrups. Mixing products and breaking bulk may also be part of

Cold-storage warehouses. These are controlled, low-temperature warehouses. Perishables such as fruits, vegetables, and frozen foods, as well as some chemicals and drags, require this type of storage for preservation. Household-goods warehouses. Storage and handling of household articles and furniture are the specialty of these warehouses. Although furniture manufacturers may use them, the major users are the household-goods moving companies.

General-merchandise warehouses. These warehouses handle a broad range of merchandise, which usually does not require the special facilities or special handling noted in the four previous types of warehouses. In practice, a public warehouse may not strictly be one of these types. A general-merchandise warehouse handling the products of the food industry may find the operation of a refrigerated section a necessity. Also, in some cases it is good business to combine bulk storage with general-merchandise storage.

Services. Unlike the private warehouse, the public warehouse must offer services in order to attract customers. Obviously, the warehouse must be able to provide the common services such as receiving, storing, shipping, consolidating, mixing, breaking bulk, and in-transit storage. However, the modern warehouse operator offers much more. According to the American Warehousemen's Association, the following services can be expected from a public warehouse.

•  Handling, storage,-and distribution services, per package or hundredweight-.In-transit storage   

•  U.S. Customs bonded storage

•  U.S. Internal Reserve bonded storage

•  Controlled-temperature-and-humidity space