Grammar: Perfect Tenses; Past Simple vs Present Perfect vs Past Continuous vs Past Perfect; Perfect Continuous Tenses; Past Time; The Imperative Mood

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Grammar: Perfect Tenses; Past Simple vs Present Perfect vs Past Continuous vs Past Perfect; Perfect Continuous Tenses; Past Time; The Imperative Mood.

Perfect Tenses (activity completed by a definite moment)

to have asked,

to have written




(I, you, we, they)

have asked, have written

(He, she, it)

has asked, has written

had asked,

had written

will have asked

will have written


Today; this morning (week/ month/ year) when not completed; already; ever; never; yet; always; just; lately; recently;

this is the first/ second/ third time;

by 4 o’clock yesterday;

by that time;

by the end of the week;

after; before;

with another past action

by 4 o’clock tomorrow;

before dark;

with another action





I/you/ we/ they




I/you/ we/ they
















I/you/ we/ they


have asked

have written?

I/you/ we/ they


will not



have written

1.  Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Perfect form instead of the infinitives.

1.  Don't make a noise, the children … (to fall) already asleep. 2. I … (to dream) always about such a good friend. 3. This is the second time I … (to hear) this joke the other day recently. 4. He … (to come back) just from his friend's. 5. Don't hurry up, the film … (not to start) yet. 6. She … (to make) up her mind and you won't be able to persuade her. 7. You will recognize her easily, she … (not to change) at all. 8. When did you see him last? - He … (not to visit) us this year yet. 9. I … (to hear) never anything like that before. 10. You are late again! Where … (to be) you? 11. … (to be) you ever abroad? - Yes, last year we went to Hungary. 12. I … (not to see) my group mates so far this week. 13. This term our volleyball team … (to defeat) three times. 14. You … (not to learn) anything yet! You're going to fail your exams! 15. He … (to answer) all of my questions, so now everything is clear to me. 16. I … (not to be) lucky recently. 17. I … (to see) this man somewhere before. 18. Shall I go shopping? - No, thank you, I … (to buy) everything we need. 19. Why are you smiling? … (to receive) you any pleasant news? 20. A friend of mine … (to move) a new flat recently. 21. My parents … (to feel) never as happy as they do now.

2.  Put the verbs in brackets into the Past Perfect form instead of the infinitives.

1.  By the time we got to the shopping centre it … (to close). 2. We … (to discuss) the news and were now thinking about it. 3. She complained that she was penniless as she … (to spend) all her money. 4. When I came home my family … (to have) already dinner and were watching the film. 5. We learnt that they … (to be) friends for many years. 6. He said he was awfully sorry for the things he (to do). 7. After I … (to have) my cup of tea, I went back to the library. 8. When they … (to eat) as many sandwiches as they could, they rose and left the pub. 9. They walked towards the house. It … (to be) months since they were there. 10. It crossed her mind that she … (to arrive) almost five weeks ago. 11. I … (to leave) my umbrella at home so I got wet from toes to ears. 12. He managed to fall asleep only after he … (to complete) his project in programming. 13. He was in the underground when suddenly remembered that he … (to forget) to turn off his computer. 14. She … (to repeat) her question several times before she got the answer. 15. I was really pleased to meet him because we … (to see) each other for five years. 16. I was upset because of the fact that I … (to make) so many mistakes in the dictation. 17. Before he joined our club, he … (to gather) all the necessary information. 18. He fell asleep really fast as he … (not to sleep) the night before. 19. Even after he … (to learn) the manual, he was afraid to turn on that device. 20 .He received a good mark because he … (to revise) well. 21. When I asked him about the task, he remembered that he … (to leave) it at home.

3.  Put the verbs in brackets into the Future Perfect form instead of the infinitives.

1.  I hope that by the time I come back, the programmers … (to finish) writing the code. 2. By the end of this year he … (to graduate) from Kharkiv National

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