Velocity of Sound. - The velocity of sound depends on the density and the elasticity of the medium. The greater the elasticity and the less the density, the greater is the velocity. The relation between the velocity, the density, and the elasticity of the medium is expressed by the formula
e = the modulus of elasticity of the medium
p = the density of the medium
The Intensity of Sound. - When sound waves spread out in every direction from a source of sound, the intensity varies inversely as the square of the distance from the source. In this case, the sound waves spread out as spheres. The same amount of energy is transmitted across every spherical surface having its center at the source of sound. The larger the surface of these spheres, the smaller the energy that goes through each square centimeter of surface. The surfaces of these spheres increase as the squares of their radii. Hence, the energy that passes through unit area decreases as the squares of the radii increase.
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