Английский язык: Учебно-методическое пособие для подготовки к выполнению контрольной работы и сдаче зачета, страница 3

Danny’s mother (10. to take) him to the doctor some days ago. She (11. to tell) the doctor about Danny’s symptoms. She also (12. to say) that Danny (13. to seem) all right just two weeks ago.

What (14. to be) the matter with Danny? Is he just going through the “bad little boy” stage? Not quite!

The doctor (15. to take) blood and urine samples from Danny. Tests on the blood and urine (16. to show) that Danny (17.to have) lead poisoning. Lead poisoning usually (18. to result) from the increased buildup of lead in a person’s body. 

                                                                               (to be continued)

2.Заполните пропуски правильным предлогом, если требуется.

1)____ 1920, the average American family threw away one kilogram of solid waste ____ day.

2) ____ Today, Americans dispose of almost 3.5 kilograms ___ every day. Recycling centers are being set up ____ many communities.

3) People bring their reusable waste ____ the collection center.

4) If there is a recycling center ____ your area to tae recyclable wastes there.

5) Volunteer work ____ a recycling center.

6) You could  collect and sort materials ____ the recycling process.

Lesson 4


Insects – насекомые

Crops – сельскохозяйственная культура, посев, урожай

Crop destruction - неурожай

To destroy – разрушать

Unwanted – нежелательный

A disease – заболевание

A pest – вредитель, паразит

Beneficial – полезный

Chemical breakdown – химический распад

Прочитайте и переведите на русский язык


(1)You have probably seen insects on leaves or plants. (2)But have you ever seen leaves that have been destroyed because they were eaten by insects? (3)Some insects eat crops that farmers grow. (4)To prevent crop destruction, pesticides are often used. (5)A pesticide is a chemical substance that destroys unwanted insects, weeds, algae, and fungi.

(6)Pesticides have helped to save millions of lives by destroying insects which cause diseases like malaria and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. (7)Pesticides have also increased food crops by destroying plant-killing pests.

(8)Unfortunately, pesticides are nonselective in nature.(9) Pesticides not only kill pests, but animals, birds, fish, and beneficial insects are also killed in areas sprayed by pesticides. (10)Some pests build up a resistance to pesticides. (11)When this happens, greater quantities of a pesticide are needed to kill the pests.(12) Using more of a pesticide that was previously no threat to other organisms in the environment may now kill them.

(13)Since some pesticides are slow to undergo chemical breakdown in nature, they can later be found in living organisms. (14)Pesticides can build up in fish and them these fish may be eaten by birds. (15)Studies show that some pesticides cause the eggshell of birds to be thin. (16)This affects bird reproduction.

1)  Ответьте на вопросы к тексту

a)  What are pesticides?

b)  In what ways can pesticides be helpful?

c)  How can a pesticide affect people living 150 kilometers away from where the pesticide is used?

2)В каждом предложении текста найдите и выпишите главные члены предложения, заполнив таблицу. Первое предложение приводится как образец

 N предложения





have seen

3)Определите время, в котором употребляется глагол-сказуемое.

4)Трансформируйте предложения 1, 4, 10, 13, 14, 16 в отрицательную форму.

5)Трансформируйте предложения  3, 5, 7,14, 15 в вопросительную форму. Употребите разные типы вопросов (общий, специальный, альтернативный, разделительный, вопрос к подлежащему)

6)Выпишите из текста предложения, содержащие модальные глаголы и переведите их на русский язык письменно.