Возвратные местоимения. Неопределенное местоимение some. Модальные обороты to have to, to have got to (Грамматические упражнения), страница 4

1.9. Уступительные придаточные предложения

Уступительные придаточные предложения указывают на обстоятельство, вопреки которому совершается действие, выраженное в главном предложении. Они соединяются с главным предложением  союзом though или although .

 I didn’t  think it was too difficult though it took  some time. 

Упражнение 13. Ответьте на вопросы, употребляя уступительные предложения вместо указанных в скобках выражений.

Образец: “Are you really interested in it?”(to cost about 500 for a year) –“Yes, I am  really interested in it though it costs about 500 for a year.”

1.” How many people are there usually in a class?”(there are 8 people, there had 15 to be) 2.” Is jogging really good for me?”(to feel the benefit right away) 3.” Did your pulse rate and blood pressure go down?”(to jog regularly) 4.”Are the shoes comfortable?”(a little too tight) 5.” Have you made up your mind?”( to be not pleased with…) 6. “Will you make a small stool for Grand father?”(to make not many of such things) 7.” Is it a breakfast for children?”(to prefer a man’s meal) 8.” Do you like the style of this blouse?”(to prefer a cotton one) 9.”Do you think the skirt suits me well?”( to be a bit long)

1.10.Косвенная речь

 При передаче чужого высказывания в косвенной речи глагол главного предложения обычно употребляется в прошедшем времени, а в придаточном предложении происходят изменения в соответствии с правилом согласования времен(Un 4:1.5.)

                                   Прямая речь                                Косвенная речь

                                 Present Indefinite                                 Past Indefinite

                                 Present Continuous                              Past Continuous 

                                 Present Perfect                                     Past Perfect

                                 Past Indefinite                                      Past Indefinite, Past Perfect

                                 Future Indefinite                                  Future in the Past

При переводе прямой речи в косвенную изменяются также личные местоимения:

I – he, she

we – they

you – I, we,

a также указательные местоимения и наречия времени и места:

this – that                                            today – that day

these- those                                         tomorrow – the next day

now – then                                          yesterday – the day before

here – there

He said “It is difficult for me to get through the whole procedure.” – He said it was difficult for him to get through the whole procedure.

They said “We are meeting in a café.” –  They said they were meeting in a café.

He said: «I have passed the test.” – He said he had passed the test.

Alec said: “I answered the trickiest questions.”–  Alec said he answered the trickiest questions.

Alec said he had answered the trickiest questions.

He said: “My father will refuse to buy me this car.” – He said his father would refuse to buy him that car.

Упражнение 14. Превратите прямую речь в косвенную.

1.”I’m feeling ill.” 2. “I didn’t have any money.” 3. “My mother is very well.” 4. “I’m going to learn to drive.” 5.”Dora has bought a new outfit.” 6.”I can’t come to the party on Friday.” 7. “I want to go shopping today.” 8. “I’m going away for a few days.I’ll phone you when I come back.” 9.  “I saw her at a party in summer and she looked fine.” 10. “I’m living in Moscow now.” 11. “I haven’t seen them recently.” 12. “I’m not enjoying my job very much.” 13.  “I want to go to the seaside but I can’t afford it.” 14. “I’ll tell Ann I have seen you.”

2.Лексико-грамматический комментарий

2.1. It took some timeЭто заняло какое-то время

Упражнение 15. Переведите предложения, употребляя глагол to take.