Основы грамматики английского языка для студентов-медиков. Раздел IV, страница 7

II. Put the verbs into the Past Perfect Tense and translate them into Russian

1.  I: to admit; follow; to direct; to gargle;

2.  You: to hospitalize; to recover; to drop; to avoid;

3.  It: to absorb; to digest; to store; to provide; to increase; to stagnate; to convert;

4.  They: to deal; to undergo; to hear; to have; to give; to break down; to feel.

III. Transform two sentences into one using the Past Perfect and the Past Indefinite tenses, then translate the sentences into Russian

A. Model:

- The doctor made the diagnosis. The doctor examined the patient (after).

- The doctor made the diagnosis after he had examined the patient.

1.  The doctor made the initial diagnosis of lobar pneumonia. He heard some moist rales. (before)

2.  The woman gargled her throat. The doctor prescribed an antiseptic mouth wash to her. (when)

3.  The food passed to the stomach. It mixed with gastric juice. (as soon as)

4.  She underwent a course of physiotherapy. She felt better. (after)

5.  I caught a bad cold. I stayed in bed for several days. (when)

B. Model:

- Two days passed. Mary felt better.

1. – Two days had hardly passed when Mary felt better.

2. – Hardly had two days passed when Mary felt better.

1.  He had a headache. He took a tablet.

2.  She told her name and address. The registering clerk found her patient’s card.

3.  The doctor listened to the patient’s lungs. He sent the patient to be X-rayed.

4.  The therapeutist saw 15 out-patients. Then she went out to calls.

5.  Glands in the mouth lubricated and moistened particles of food with saliva. The tongue conveyed food to the throat.

IV. Answer the following questions

1.  What happened to the food after it had been partly digested in the stomach?

2.  What functions of liver had scientists studied by the end of the 20th century?

3.  How long had the patient ill with angina pectoris stayed in the hospital before he recovered?

4.  How long had your district doctor practised medicine before he became an experienced therapeutist?

5.  What had the doctor done before he made the diagnosis of lobar pneumonia?

V. Make the following sentences negative and interrogative

  1. I have already filled in this patient’s card.
  2. We were present at the examinations for the first time.
  3. The doctor had examined patients by 3 o’clock.
  4. He advised me to be out in the open air as much as possible.
  5. The nurse was taking the patient’s blood pressure when the doctor came.

VI. Open the brackets using the verbs in the Past Indefinite the Past Continuous or the Past Perfect Tenses

1.  The ambulance (to arrive) five minutes after you (to leave) the house.

  1. The doctor (to understand) that the patients (to wait) for him.
  2. Though the man (to undergo) the course of treatment he (not to feel) better.
  3. She (to graduate from) this Medical college 5 years ago.
  4. It (to rain) hard last morning when I (to go) out to see my sick friend.
  5. We (to thank) the doctor for what he (to do) for us.
  6. While the doctor (to examine) me the nurse (to fill in) my patient’s card.
  7. Before she (to enter) the Institute, she (to work) as a nurse.
  8. By the time mother (to come) home my temperature (to become) normal.
  9. No sooner the nurse (to give) me an injection than I (to feel) better.
  10. Yesterday the doctor (to put) her on a sick-leave as her condition (to be) rather bad.
  11. When the nurse (to return), I already (to take) my temperature.

VII Translate using the Past Indefinite, the Past Continuous and the Past Perfect Tenses

1.  Он страдал от сильной боли

- вчера.

- целый вечер вчера.

- до того, как медсестра сделала ему укол.

2.  Он поступил в больницу

- два дня тому назад.

- как только врач осмотрел его.

3.  Она работала

- в этой больнице в прошлом году.

- над новым проектом, когда я зашел к ней.

- медсестрой перед тем, как поступила в институт.

- над своим проектом, пока я просматривал результаты анализов.

VIII. Choose the right variant of the verb

  1. Yesterday the doctor ___ me carefully.

a)  examines; b) examined; c) has examined.

2.  The doctor usually ___ his patients carefully.

a)  has examined; b) is examining; c) examines.

3.  Some days ago I 1) ___ for my friend while the doctor 2) ___ him.

1)  a) am waiting

2)   a) was examining

     b) was waiting

      b) had examined

     c) waited

      c) examined

4.  The doctor ___ me now.

a)  is examining; b) examines; c) has examined.

5.  The doctor already ___ me.

a)  examined; b) had examined; c) has examined.

6.  The doctor already 1) ___ me when my father 2) ___ the room.

1)  a) examined

2)   a) had entered

     b) had examined

      b) entered

     c) has examined

      c) was entering

  1. The doctor ___ me for an hour.

a)  is examining; b) had examined; c) has examined.

8.  Hardly 10 minutes 1) ___ when the doctor 2) ___ me.

1)   a) passed

2)   a) examined

      b) had passed

      b) was examining

      c) has passed

      c) had examined

  1. The doctor ___ to examine me soon.

a)  is going;  b) goes;  c) has gone.

10.  The doctor ___ me today.

a) examines; b) is examining; c) has examined.

IX. Open the brackets using the necessary Present or Past Tenses

1.  Ten hours before the patient was admitted to the hospital he (to feel) a sudden severe abdominal pain.

2.  Since what time this girl (to follow) a strict bed regime?

3.  The doctor (to confirm) the initial diagnosis yesterday?