Основы грамматики английского языка для студентов-медиков. Раздел IV, страница 5

to feed (fed, fed)

кормить, вскармливать

would tell

обычно рассказывая

to thee

к тебе (поэт)

to calm away

смягчать, успокаивать




Для выражения действия, происходившего в определенный момент в прошлом.

Этот момент может быть ясен из контакта или обозначен:

а) точным указанием времени (часа)

I was taking my exam on Anatomy at 9 a.m. yesterday.

б) другим действием, выраженным глаголом в прошедшем времени (PastIndefinite)

My brother was taking his t0 when I came into the room.

Глагол переводится на русский язык глаголом несовершенного вида







          was V-ing





       wasn’t V-ing










You  were V-ing



You   weren’t V-ing




You    V-ing


She was sleeping when I came in.

What was she doing at 6 o’clock yesterday?

My brother wasn’t playing with me at that time yesterday.


I.  Translate the sentences into Russian

1.  She was taking her state examinations at this time the day before yesterday.

2.  When I looked into the lecture hall the students were taking notes.

3.  What was your fellow-student doing yesterday evening?

4.  My room-mate wasn’t having a scalding foot-bath at 7 o’clock yesterday.

5.  The district doctor was making his daily round of visits when I met him.

6.  While the doctor was listening to the patient’s lungs the latter was breathing deeply.

7.  When I came into the in-patient department the nurses were giving injections.

8.  Why weren’t you waiting for me at home at 8 p. m?

II. Put the verbs into the Past Continuous Tense

I: to take a to; to take blood pressure; to wait for;

He: to have a cold rubdown; to gargle throat; to stay in bed;

They: to make blood analysis; to arrange a concert; to fill in cards.

III. Add some information, using Past Continuous Tense


-When the patient entered the room ____ (the nurse, to fill in the patients’ cards)

-When the patient entered the room the nurse was filling in the patient’s cards.

1.  When I came up to the registry ____ (the registering clerk, to look for smb’s patient’s card).

2.  When the nurse entered the consulting room ___ (the patient, to strip to the waist).

3.  When I came into my friend’s room ___ (he, to stay in bed)

4.  When my fellow student looked into our room ___ (we, to take our competitive entrance examinations).

5.  When he looked at me ___ (I, to take my temperature).

6.  When the bell rang ___ (my brother, to have a cold rubdown).

7.  When I saw him ___ (he, to speak to our district doctor)

8.  When I met my group-mate at the polyclinic___ (she, to go to the X-ray room).

9.  When they phoned me ___ (I, to take my Granny’s blood pressure).

10.  When the father came home ___ (his son, to have a scalding-foot-bath).

11.  When the therapeutist came to see the patient ___ (the latter, to recover).

IV. Add some information, using Past Continuous Tense


- While the doctor was palpating the patient’s abdomen ___ (the latter, to lie silently on the coach.

- While the doctor was palpating the patient’s abdomen the latter was lying silently on the coach.

1.  While my therapeutist was listening to my lungs ___ (I, to breath deeply).

2.  While I was waiting for my friend ___ (the latter, to gargle his throat).

3.  While the professor was delivering a lecture ___ (the students, to take notes of it).

4.  While the therapeutist was examining the patient ___ (the nurse, to write out a prescription).

5.  While I was running a high temperature ___ (my mother, to give me aspirin).

6.  While the father was reading to his son ___ (the mother, to apply mustard plasters to his back).

7.  While he was suffering from stomachache ___ (he, to follow a strict diet).

8.  While they were carrying on research work ___ (they, to pay attention to all the new findings in their field).

9.  While my friend was writing an application for admission to the Institute ___ (I, to hand in all my documents).

V. Put the sentences into negative and interrogative form

1.  Yesterday at 9 a.m. I was having an appointment with my therapeutist.

2.  When I met my district doctor, he was going out to his calls.

3.  He was gradually recovering after a serious disease.

4.  At that time yesterday the nurse was giving injections to her patients.

5.  The registering clerk was writing my name, address and age in the patient’s card, when I saw my group-mate.

6.  When I looked into the room the doctor was checking the patient’s eyesight.

VI.  Ask your fellow-student and let him answer

Ask your fellow-student:

1.  if he was taking notes of the lecture at that time yesterday;

2.  what he was doing while his fellow-students were listening to the lecture;

3.  whom he met while he was going to the Institute;

4.  what he was doing when his friend saw him;

5.  whom he was waiting for at that time yesterday;

6.  if he was following the treatment while he was feeling rotten;

7.  if he was taking medicine while he was running a temperature;

8.  if he was gargling his throat at 8 p.m. yesterday;

9.  if he was arranging the concert when you saw him;

10.  if the doctor was taking his pulse when the nurse came into the room;

11.  if the nurse was taking some blood from his finger for blood analysis.

VII. Open the brackets using Past Indefinite or Past Continuous