СИБИРСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ
Методические указания по английскому языку
для студентов 1и 2 курсов всех специальностей СГУПСа
Образование. Education: Метод. указ. по английскому языку для студентов 1 и 2 курсов всех специальностей СГУПС / Сост. , Е.Т.. – Новосибирск: Изд-во СГУПСа, 2005. - 34 с.
Методические указания включают материалы о системах образования Великобритании, США, России, а также о Сибирском государственном университете путей сообщения. Упражнения направлены на развитие навыков устной речи. Предусмотрены упражнения для студентов разного уровня подготовки.
Указания предназначены для студентов 1 и 2 курсов всех специальностей СГУПСа.
Методические указания рассмотрены и рекомендованы к печати на заседании кафедры «Иностранные языки».
О т в е т с т в е н н ы й р е д а к т о р
ст. преп. кафедры «Иностранные языки»
Р е ц е н з е н т :
Кафедра лингвистики и межкультурной коммуникации Новосибирской государственной медицинской академии (завкафедрой к.фил.н. Т.Ф.Извекова)
к.пед.н., доцент О.С.Шалопаева
© , 2005
© Сибирский государственный
университет путей сообщения, 2005
UNIT 1 Education in Great Britain
1. Do you like to study?
2. Is it difficult for you to study?
3. Is it important to get a good education?
4. Look at the scheme and try to answer the questions:
a) What age do children start school at in the UK?
b) What’s the school-leaving age in the UK?
c) Is the system of education in the UK the same or different from Russian educational system?
Modern, Grammar, Technical)
Exam for General Certificate of Secondary Education
3 or 4 year course
Final exam for the first degree Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or Science (B.Sc.)
Post-graduate studies at the University
Research paper or theses for the higher degree Master of Arts
Important research for a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
Part 1 Primary and secondary education in Great Britain
Before reading Text 1 look at these word combinations and give their Russian equivalents:
to enter school
private (public) school
to give a good academic background
physical and mental disability
unified school-leaving exam
to provide general education
free of charge
to ban corporal punishment
to lay foundation of a successful future
to fail (in) an examination
the education is available
comprehensive (grammar, modern) school
to take (do) exam
to pass exam
for all abilities and sexes
to develop the talents
to move to the next class
at the age of 5
General Certificate of Secondary Education
A-Level (Advanced Level)
wide range of subjects
to fund the school
a mark (grade) in Physics
to sit papers
1. Read the text quickly to find out peculiarities of the British educational system.
The basis features of public education in Great Britain are the following:
- full-time education is compulsory up to the middle teenage years;
- the academic year begins at the end of summer;
- compulsory education is free of charge, but parents can spend money on educating their children privately outside the state system if they want to (the fees are high).
There are three recognized stages of education: primary, secondary and “further” education.
The first stage is primary education from 5 to 11 years old. Primary education takes place in infant schools where pupils are taught basic reading, writing, arithmetic, art, etc., and in junior schools (from 8 to 11 years old) which mark the transition from play to “real work”.
The second stage is secondary education from 11 to 16/18 years old. Children must go to school until the age of 16, and pupils may stay on for one or two years if they wish. Free secondary education is available to all children in comprehensive schools, which are not selective – children don’t have to pass an exam to go there. Comprehensive schools in the UK are for all abilities and sexes. They develop the talents of each individual child. Comprehensive schools teach wide range of subjects in arts, crafts, woodwork, domestic science, modern languages, sciences, technical areas and computer studies. All pupils move to the next class automatically at the end of the year. There are also a small number of secondary modern schools, offering a more practical education, grammar schools, providing a more academic education and technical schools, offering a combination of academic and technical teaching. There are also special schools for children with physical or mental disabilities.
Private (or public) schools are for pupils aged up to 13. They are very expensive and accept pupils on the basis of an examination. Most of them are boarding schools. The education is of a high quality. The discipline is very strict, corporal punishment has been recently banned in state schools, but in most public schools it is still allowed. At 18 most public school-leavers gain entry to universities. Public schools are famous for their ability to lay foundation of a successful future by giving their pupils a good academic backgroundand self-confidence. About 7 percent of schoolchildren go to private schools.
The school-leaving exams are set by independent examining boards and held in May/June. All schools share the same unified school-leaving exam. The main exam is the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE
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