4. Lowering at least one lifeboat.
5. Starting and operating the engine.
Drills are to be conducted as if there was an actual emergency.
At least once every 3 months each lifeboat must be launched with its assigned operating crew aboard and manoeuvred in the water.
The General Emergency Signal consists of seven or more short blasts followed by one long blast on the ship's whistle and is supplemented by the electrically operated bell or klaxon which is activated from the bridge or may be some other strategic point and consists of a continuous sound of such duration as to ensure that it has been heard even at the remotest corners of the vessel.
On hearing such signal you must put on your lifejacket and proceed to the muster station, unless you have been given specific duties, i.e. closing watertight doors. However such signal does not mean "Abandon ship". Although the lifeboats must be prepared and lowered down to the embarkation deck they must not be boarded.
The "Abandon ship" order is given verbally by the Master through the public addresser and any available loudspeaker.
After the abandon ship order is given, lifeboats are lowered into the water. After abandoning the ship it is best to row or start engine and, when well clear of the ship, search for any survivors. Then join up with and make fast to any other survival craft and remain in the vicinity of the disaster area for at least 24 hours, as salvage vessels and planes will proceed to the distress call position.
Upon outbreak of fire immediately call, directly or by telephone: the duty officer on the bridge, the duty officer in the engine room or press the fire alarm button. Fire alarm signals are sounded by means of alarm bells and alarm sirens both activated by depression of the fire alarm button. Bells and sirens will operate continuously until stopped from the bridge.
As soon as the alarm is sounding each person must go without delay to his station according to the Muster list and carry out the duties assigned to him. The watchkeeping officers and crew on deck and in the engine room including helmsman and lookout must however remain at their stations until relieved or until driven away by the fire.
Steps must be taken to ensure that all persons near the scene of fire are warned and if necessary assisted to a safe position.
Basic rules - Limit spreading of the fire.
Cool the material on fire.
Quench the fire (cut off air supply).
Fire fighters should where possible work in teams of two and a fire hose is to be handled by at least two men.
When entering compartments on fire an additional hose should be kept ready for assistance. Air supply to compartments on fire must be cut off or reduced if possible.
Fire drills are to take place each month to practise procedures and the use of fire fighting equipment.
Emergency plan = Muster list
to cope with
to drag anchor
to result in
to acquaint with
public address system (PA system)
well clear of the ship
to make fast to
distress call position
to carry out the duties
to take steps
material (ship, …) on fire
to cut off air supply
The boarding of lifeboats and rafts can be done according to 3 principles:
a) by using the embarkation ladders over the ship’s sides
b) either by boarding the lifeboat or raft directly in the stowed position or by boarding after the boat or raft has been lowered to the embarkation deck. Final launching will then be carried out with the crew on board the boat or raft
c) by evacuation using a special inflatable slide. This system is especially for the use in ferries.
If the liferaft is not released manually by means of sliphook, the hydrostatic release gear will automatically free the raft when the ship sinks.
The hydrostatic release gear automatically frees the container when the release gear reaches a depth of water of 2-4 metres.
Davit launched rafts can be equipped with automatic - semi - automatic release gear, but in most cases the release from the fall is done manually.
During lifeboat drills the complete launching procedure for both lifeboats and liferafts is trained, including releasing.
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