Правила утворення множини іменників. Розмовна тема: "About my family and myself"

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Тема: Множина іменників. Присвійний відмінок іменників. Особові та присвійні займенники.  Кількісні займенники much, many, little, few, a little, a few. Неозначені займенники some, any, заперечний займенник no та похідні від них. Прийменники часу.  Розмовна тема: Про себе та сім’ю.


повторити правила утворення множини іменників, активізувати знання про утворення присвійного відмінку іменників, про особові, присвійні, кількісні, неозначені та заперечні займенники та прийменники часу, активізувати лексику по темі “Моя сім’я” та ознайомити з новою, тренувати у читанні тексту та у веденні бесіди по темі “Моя сім’я”.



Прочитайте та запам’ятайте слова та словосполучення:

to introduce oneself to smb

a full name

a surname

a patronymic

to be a first-year student

to be the only child in the family

to be just out of school

to be fond of smth

to be two years one’s senior / junior

to be married

to be divorced

to be single

to be born


повне ім’я



бути студентом першого курсу

бути єдиною дитиною в сім’ї

щойно закінчити школу

захоплюватися чимось

бути на два роки старшим / молодшим за когось

бути одруженим

бути розлученим

бути холостим / неодруженою


Discussing the topic

ü Your family are probably the most important people in your life. Families consist of parents and children. But we can also say that family is a group of people consisting of a parent or parents, children and their close relations:




a grandson

a granddaughter

a cousin

an aunt

an uncle

a niece

a nephew

a husband

a wife

a stepfather

a stepmother

a mother-in-law

a father-in-law

a son-in-law

a daughter-in-law

a sister-in-law

a brother-in-law

ü  All people are different in appearance, personality, tastes, education, behaviour and manners. These lists include words that can help you to describe people.

Describing people’s appearance:

General appearance: smart, elegant, well-dressed, good-looking, beautiful (about a woman), handsome (about a man), pretty, attractive …

Height and build: tall, short, slim, slender, stout, plump, fat (sounds impolite), a bit overweight, stocky, well-built…

Hair, face, skin and complexion:

Hair – straight, curly, wavy; blond, fair, dark, black, grey, red; to wear one’s hair long, short, shoulder-length, close-cropped, in a tail, in a plait…

Eyes – narrow, round, with long or short eyelashes, big, small, bright, shiny, expressive…

Nose – short, long, straight, turned-up, pointed…

Skin – dark, fair.

Describing people’s character:

Good qualities: intelligent, clever, considerate, well-mannered, caring, with a good sense of humour, reliable, honest, industrious, sociable…

Bad qualities: stupid, spiteful, ill-mannered, greedy, cruel, jealous, rude…

ü  You, your family and friends usually do certain things together, you share likes and dislikes and have much in common. These can be your hobbies and pastimes:

fishing, watching TV, cooking, gardening, travelling, going in for sport, taking photos, collecting things, keeping pets, going to a disco, listening to music, playing musical instruments, doing crosswords, working on the computer…



1.Прочитайте та перекладіть, звертаючи увагу на активні слова та словосполучення.

Let me introduce myself to you. I am Olexandr Ivanovych Petrenko. It’s my full name. Petrenko is my surname. Olexandr is my first name. Ivanovych is my patronymic. I’m nearly eighteen. I was born in 1982 in Shostka, Sumy region. I am just out of school. Now  I am a first year student of Sumy National Agrarian University. My future profession is an engineer-technologist of food processing industry (livestock specialist).

Our family is neither large nor small. I am not the only child in the family. My parents have two more children besides me. Thus I have got an elder brother and a younger sister. My sister Helen is a pupil of the tenth form. She is two years my junior. Helen is rather tall and slender. She is a blue-eyed, fair-haired girl. My sister is a very sociable and honest young person. She is fond of music and dancing.

My brother, whose name is Michael, is eight years my senior. He is twenty six. He is a computer programmer, very efficient and professional. He is married and has his own family. They are four in the family. He has a wife and two children – a son and a daughter. His wife’s name is Valentyna. She is a teacher. She is not very tall. My sister-in-law is a very smart and intelligent woman, always well-dressed. She is energetic and industrious, with a sense of humour. My niece Masha and my nephew Sashko are still very little. They are pretty children and I like to play with them.

My parents are not old at all. Father is forty five, mother is three years his junior. My father is a bread-maker in our family. He runs a private firm. My father is a very sociable person.

I take after him. Football is his hobby. My mum is a good-looking woman. She is an experienced economist. She is fond of gardening very much.

My grandparents live in the country. They are pensioners. We often visit them.

I have both aunts and uncles. They live in different places. We are always glad to see each other.

2.Дайте відповіді на запитання.

1.  What is Olexandr Petrenko?

2.  How old is he?

3.  Is Olexandr the only child in the family?

4.  How many are they in the family?

5.  What does his sister Helen look like?

6.  What is his brother’s occupation?

7.  What is his sister-in-law like?

8.  Are his parents old?

9.  What are they fond of?

10.  Whom does Olexandr take after?

3.Поставте запитання, щоб отримати такі відповіді. Використайте ці запитання, щоб розпитати вашого одногрупника про нього та його сім’ю.

My full name is Maryna Viktorivna Kovalenko.

My first name is Maryna.

My surname is Kovalenko.

I am nearly eighteen.

My family is not very large.

My father is an engineer. He is forty.

My mother is a technologist. She is thirty eight.

They are efficient, industrious and sociable.

Yes, she is. My grandmother is alive.

No, he isn’t. He isn’t a pensioner. He still works.

4.Підберіть англійські еквіваленти до поданих українських слів.

1)  племінниця

2)  двоюрідний брат

3)  вітчим

4)  дядько

5)  родич

6)  племінник

7)  чоловік

8)  близнюк

9)  тітка

10)  зведена сестра

a)  husband

b)  twins

c)  aunt

d)  cousin

e)  niece

f)  half-sister

g)  uncle

h)  stepfather

i)  nephew

j)  relative

5.У кожному рядку знайдіть зайве слово.

1)  father, mother, sister, brother, cousin;

2)  mother-in-law, father-in-law, stepfather, sister-in-law, son-in-law;

3)  friendly, efficient, generous, selfish, punctual;

4)  slim, tall, nervous, broad-shouldered, plump;

5)  skiing, swimming, sitting, reading, knitting

6. Дайте відповіді на запитання про вас та ваші сім’ї.

1.What can you tell a stranger (незнайомцю) about yourself? 2.What three things do you think are the most important about you? 3.What is better: to have a small family or a big family with a lot of children and other relatives? 4.What is your family like? Have you got any brothers or sisters? Are you good friends with them? 5.What are your family’s favourite pastimes? What do you like to do together? 6.What is an ideal family as you see it?

7.Складіть розповідь про себе за схемою.

About Myself

Early childhood:

= place and date of birth;

= characteristics;

= first education;

= kindergarten;

= learning to read and write

School years:

= age of schooling;

= successes at school;

= relations with the classmates;

= household duties;

= friends and hobbies.

Present day occupation.



1.Прочитайте опис тітки Еміли, визначте частини, які описують: а) зовнішність; б) характер; в) звички та захоплення.

Off all my relatives, I like my Aunt Emily the best. She’s my mother’s younger sister. She has never married, and she lives alone in a small village near Bath. She’s in her late fifties, but she is still quite young

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