Forms of the Participles. Читання фахових текстів "The economic environment", "Forms of business ownership" і ведення бесіди за змістом

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Founded on the basis of a small school the Moscow Conservatory has grown into a major educational establishment, named after P. Chaikovsky. 5.As followed by angry bees the boy ran towards the house. 6.You can see beautifully illustrated manuscripts in the British museum. 7.As you know, Sir Conan Doyle born in Scotland created his famous Sherlock Holmes known all over the world. 8.When founded in the 13th century the Oxford University had several colleges. 9.Created in 1265 English Parliament is the oldest one in Europe. 10.If asked he will tell them all about it.

C. 1.Having colonized many African and Asian countries Great Britain became a powerful state. 2.Having lost the power Britain is still one of the most developed European countries. 3.Having won the political struggle the leader of the party became very popular. 4.Having come to power the monarch becomes the Commander-in-Chief. 5.Having received the majority in Parliament the Labour party became the leading party in Great Britain. 6.Having been conquered by the Normans the native population of England continued to speak their mother tongue. 7.Having formed six kingdoms on the territory of Britain Anglo-Saxons gave the country a new language. 8.Having been dissolved the Cabinet of Ministers stopped its function. 9.Having been well prepared for the examination the student could answer all the questions the teacher asked him. 10.Having attacked our country in 1941 the fascists occupied a large territory.

2. Choose the required form from the brackets.

1.a) The girl (writing, written) on the blackboard is our best student.

   b) Everything (writing, written) here is quite right.

2.a) The house (surrounding, surrounded) by tall trees is very beautiful.

   b) The wall (surrounding, surrounded) the house was very tall.

3.a) Who is that boy (doing, done) his homework at that table?

   b) The exercise (doing, done) by the students was very easy.

4.a) The girl (washing, washed) the floor is my sister.

   b) The floor (washing, washed) by Helen looked very clean.

5.a) We listened to the girls (singing, sung) Ukrainian folk songs.

   b) We listened to the folk songs (singing, sung) by the girls.

6.Do you know the girl (playing, played) in the garden?

7.The book (writing, written) by this scientist is very interesting.

8.Translate the words (writing, written) on the blackboard.

9.We could not see the sun (covering, covered) by dark clouds.

10.The (losing, lost) book was found at last.

11.(Going, gone) along the street, I met Mary and Ann.

12.Read the (translating, translated) sentences once more.


1.Transform the following sentences using participle phrases instead of the subordinate clauses.

A.Model: The boys who live in this house formed a football team. – The boys living in this house formed a football team.

1.All the people who live in this house are students. 2.The woman who is speaking now is our secretary. 3.The man who sells newspapers showed me the way to the post-office. 4.The workers who are repairing the road go home by bus. 5.People who take books from the library must return them in time.

B.Model: When we arrived in London, we went sightseeing. – Arriving in London, we went sightseeing.

1.When she heard her name, she turned round. 2.When we saw our teacher, we stopped and waited for her. 3.When he came home, he switched on the TV set. 4.As I entered the hall, I saw my friends dancing round the fir-tree. 5.As I went out of the shop, I met my groupmate.

C.Model: When I read this story, I came across many new words. – When reading this story, I came across many new words.

1.When you speak English, pay attention to the order of words. 2.Be careful when you cross the street. 3.When Paul studied at the University, he published several scientific articles. 4.When they were travelling in Central Africa, the explorers met many wild animals. 5.You must have much practice when you are learning to speak a foreign language.

D.Model: When she finished her work, she went home. – Having finished her work, she went home.

1.After we had passed our examinations we went to a summer camp. 2.As I had lost my key, I couldn’t get in. 3.As we had booked tickets beforehand, we went to the theatre half an hour before the performance began. 4.After I had written this exercise, I began to doubt whether it was correct.

E.Model: We lived in the city which was founded 1,500 years

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